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Namibia - Swakopmund

The main goal of this project is promote sustainable natural resource management by giving local communities rights to wildlife management and tourism.

Namibia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. The Constitution of Namibia guarantees the separation of powers: Namibia follows a largely independent foreign policy , with persisting affiliations with states that aided the independence struggle, including Cuba.

A dynamic member of the Southern African Development Community , Namibia is a vocal advocate for greater regional integration.

Namibia became the th member of the UN on 23 April On its independence it became the fiftieth member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Namibia does not have any enemies in the region although it has been involved in various disputes regarding borders and construction plans.

Military expenditure rose from 2. The constitution of Namibia defined the role of the military as " defending the territory and national interests.

The British formulated the plan for integrating these forces and began training the NDF, which consists of a small headquarters and five battalions.

According to the Namibian Defence Ministry , enlistments of both men and women will number no more than 7, Namibia is divided into 14 regions and subdivided into constituencies.

The administrative division of Namibia is tabled by Delimitation Commissions and accepted or declined by the National Assembly.

Since state foundation four Delimitation Commissions have delivered their work, the last one in under the chairmanship of Judge Alfred Siboleka. Regional councillors are directly elected through secret ballots regional elections by the inhabitants of their constituencies.

Local authorities in Namibia can be in the form of municipalities either Part 1 or Part 2 municipalities , town councils or villages. Namibia has a highly developed banking sector with modern infrastructure, such as online banking and cellphone banking.

The Bank of Namibia BoN is the central bank of Namibia responsible for performing all other functions ordinarily performed by a central bank.

There are 5 BoN authorised commercial banks in Namibia: Under a broader definition including people that have given up searching for employment unemployment rose to This estimate considers people in the informal economy as employed.

Labour and Social Welfare Minister Immanuel Ngatjizeko praised the study as "by far superior in scope and quality to any that has been available previously", [98] but its methodology has also received criticism.

In early the Government tender board announced that "henceforth per cent of all unskilled and semi-skilled labour must be sourced, without exception, from within Namibia".

In , global business and financial news provider, Bloomberg , named Namibia the top emerging market economy in Africa and the 13th best in the world.

Worldwide, Namibia also fared better than Hungary, Brazil and Mexico. Bloomberg Markets magazine ranked the top 20 based on more than a dozen criteria.

The countries were also rated on areas of particular interest to foreign investors: In order to attract foreign investment, the government has made improvement in reducing red tape resulted from excessive government regulations making the country one of the least bureaucratic places to do business in the region.

However, facilitation payments are occasionally demanded by customs due to cumbersome and costly customs procedures.

The cost of living in Namibia is relatively high because most of the goods including cereals need to be imported.

Its capital city, Windhoek is currently ranked as the th most expensive place in the world for expatriates to live.

Taxation in Namibia includes personal income tax, which is applicable to total taxable income of an individual and all individuals are taxed at progressive marginal rates over a series of income brackets.

The value added tax VAT is applicable to most of the commodities and services. Despite the remote nature of much of the country, Namibia has seaports, airports, highways, and railways narrow-gauge.

The country seeks to become a regional transportation hub; it has an important seaport and several landlocked neighbours.

This parity that exists in the country illustrates the large gap between the rich and the poor. About half of the population depends on agriculture largely subsistence agriculture for its livelihood, but Namibia must still import some of its food.

Namibia has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the world, due in part to the fact that there is an urban economy and a more rural cash-less economy.

The inequality figures thus take into account people who do not actually rely on the formal economy for their survival.

Agreement has been reached on the privatisation of several more enterprises in coming years, with hopes that this will stimulate much needed foreign investment.

However, reinvestment of environmentally derived capital has hobbled Namibian per capita income. These conservancies are particularly important to the rural, generally unemployed, population.

An aquifer called "Ohangwena II", located on both sides of the Angola-Namibia border, was discovered in This aquifer has been estimated to be capable of supplying the , people in the North for years, at the current rate of consumption.

There has been significant investment in uranium mining and Namibia is set to become the largest exporter of uranium by There are offshore gas deposits in the Atlantic Ocean that are planned to be extracted in the future.

Domestic supply voltage is V AC. Electricity is generated mainly by thermal and hydroelectric power plants. Non-conventional methods of electricity generation also play some role.

Encouraged by the rich uranium deposits the Namibian government plans to erect its first nuclear power station by , also uranium enrichment is envisaged to happen locally.

This has been attributed to political dynamics, economic institutions, grievances, political geography, and the effects of neighborhoods, and is the result of a joint agreement between the government and De Beers which has led to a taxable base, strengthening state institutions.

Tourism is a major contributor There are many lodges and reserves to accommodate eco-tourists. In addition, extreme sports such as sandboarding , skydiving and 4x4ing have become popular, and many cities have companies that provide tours.

Its primary objectives are to regulate the tourism industry and to market Namibia as a tourist destination. Namibia is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa to provide water through municipal departments.

The UN evaluated in that Namibia has improved its water access network significantly since independence in A large part of the population can not, however, make use of these resources due to the prohibitively high consumption cost and the long distance between residences and water points in rural areas.

Compared to the efforts made to improve access to safe water, Namibia is lagging behind in the provision of adequate sanitation.

The UN has identified a "sanitation crisis" in the country. Apart from residences for upper and middle class households, sanitation is insufficient in most residential areas.

Private flush toilets are too expensive for virtually all residents in townships due to their water consumption and installation cost.

As a result, access to improved sanitation has not increased much since independence: Namibia has the second- lowest population density of any sovereign country, after Mongolia.

Other ethnic groups are the Herero and Himba people , who speak a similar language, and the Damara , who speak the same "click" language as the Nama.

In addition to the Bantu majority, there are large groups of Khoisan such as Nama and San , who are descendants of the original inhabitants of Southern Africa.

The country also contains some descendants of refugees from Angola. There are also two smaller groups of people with mixed racial origins, called " Coloureds " and " Basters ", who together make up 8.

There is a substantial Chinese minority in Namibia ; it stood at 40, in Whites mainly of Afrikaner , German, British and Portuguese origin make up between 4.

Although their percentage of population decreased after independence due to emigration and lower birth rates, they still form the second-largest population of European ancestry , both in terms of percentage and actual numbers, in Sub-Saharan Africa after South Africa.

A large minority of whites around 30, trace their family origins back to the German settlers who colonized Namibia prior to the British confiscation of German lands after World War One, and they maintain German cultural and educational institutions.

Nearly all Portuguese settlers came to the country from the former Portuguese colony of Angola. Namibia conducts a census every ten years.

After independence the first Population and Housing Census was carried out in ; further rounds followed in and This is called the de facto method.

These areas do not overlap with constituency boundaries to get reliable data for election purposes as well. The Population and Housing Census counted 2,, inhabitants of Namibia.

Between and the annual population growth was 1. Missionary activities during the second half of the 19th century resulted in many Namibians converting to Christianity.

Islam in Namibia is subscribed to by about 9, Muslims, [] many of whom are Nama. Up to , English, German and Afrikaans were official languages.

Its implementation is focused on the civil service, education and the broadcasting system. It is expected of private schools to follow the same policy as state schools, and "English language" is a compulsory subject.

Both Afrikaans and English are used primarily as a second language reserved for public communication. Most of the white population speaks either German or Afrikaans.

Even today, years after the end of the German colonial era, the German language plays a role as a commercial language. The most popular sport in Namibia is association football.

The Namibia national football team qualified for the Africa Cup of Nations but has yet to qualify for any World Cups. The most successful national team is the Namibian rugby team , having competed in five separate World Cups.

Namibia were participants in the , , , and Rugby World Cups. Cricket is also popular, with the national side having played in the Cricket World Cup.

The most famous athlete from Namibia is Frankie Fredericks , sprinter in the and m events. He won four Olympic silver medals , and also has medals from several World Athletics Championships.

He achieved a career high world ranking of 78th in Additionally, a mentionable amount of foreign media, especially South African, is available.

Online media are mostly based on print publication contents. The first newspaper in Namibia was the German-language Windhoeker Anzeiger , founded During German rule, the newspapers mainly reflected the living reality and the view of the white German-speaking minority.

The black majority was ignored or depicted as a threat. During South African rule, the white bias continued, with mentionable influence of the Pretoria government on the "South West African" media system.

Independent newspapers were seen as a menace to the existing order, critical journalists threatened. Except for the largest newspaper, The Namibian , which is owned by a trust, the other mentioned private newspapers are part of the Democratic Media Holdings.

Furthermore, the print market is complemented with party publications, student newspapers and PR publications. Radio was introduced in , TV in The public broadcaster offers a TV station as well as a "National Radio" in English and nine language services in locally spoken languages.

The nine private radio stations in the country are mainly English-language channels, except for Radio Omulunga Oshiwambo and Kosmos Compared to neighbouring countries, Namibia has a large degree of media freedom.

Over the past years, the country usually ranked in the upper quarter of the Press Freedom Index of Reporters without Borders , reaching position 21 in , being on par with Canada and the best-positioned African country.

An independent media ombudsman was appointed in to prevent a state-controlled media council. Namibia has free education for both primary and secondary education levels.

Grades 1—7 are primary level, grades 8—12 are secondary. In , there were , Namibian students in primary school and , students in secondary schools.

The pupil-teacher ratio in was estimated at There are four teacher training universities, three colleges of agriculture, a police training college, and three universities: Namibia launched a National Health Extension Programme in [] deployment 1, of a total ceiling of 4, health extension workers trained for six months in community health activities including first aid, health promotion for disease prevention, nutritional assessment and counseling, water sanitation and hygiene practices, HIV testing and community-based antiretroviral treatment.

Namibia faces non-communicable disease burden. The Demographic and Health Survey summarizes findings on elevated blood pressure, hypertension, diabetes and obesity:.

It falls to the government to provide education, food, shelter and clothing for these orphans. I know quite a number of countries in Africa but Namibia is one of the best one.

If I have the time, I will come again. We literally did not have to worry about a thing on our holiday to Namibia. Everything was seamlessly planned and executed.

We loved our lodges and the Namibian guides. The tour company was extremely responsive, even hiring us a private The best compare to Botswana, Kruger or Motoba.

Lots of wildlife and the park is what I perceive Africa Safari to be. It was supposed to be the beginning of Spring with rainfall, but our 3 days at Etosha had amazing weather Your Safari Where To.

My date is somewhat flexible. Somewhat flexible My date is somewhat flexible. Private or Group Tour Private tour 61 Group tour Filters Where To Tour Length.

Finding Namibia trips, packages and vacations Big group Budget Camping You Visit: Private tour Luxury Lodge You Visit: Page 1 of 6.

When is the best time to visit Namibia? Why visit Namibia, and what are the major attractions? What does a Namibian holiday cost?

How is the wildlife viewing in Namibia? How safe is Namibia for tourists? Due to the constant south-westerly wind the fluctuation in temperature during summer and winter months is moderate.

During the winter month and especially when foggy it can be uncomfortably cold. Except for the days where the so-called east wind weather prevails and warm winds from the Namib Desert heat up the coast.

During the months December to March it is generally hot throughout the country. The main rainy season starts in January often with thundershowers.

The vegetation turns into a lush green. From June to September it is winter in Namibia. No more precipitation is received except in the far south — in the winter rain areas and during the day temperatures are moderate to warm.

The nights are severely cold, in the inland and desert overnight frost occurs. The vegetation changes from green to brown. In October and November temperatures rise increasingly and it gets hot again.

Etosha waterhole in the dry season. Every single month is worth a journey to Namibia. Most visitors prefer to travel during the months May to October.

It hardly ever rains and the visitor can enjoy the uninterrupted sunshine, except at the foggy coast. The climate is moderate and during the day it does not get extremely hot.

Nevertheless it can get very cold in the evenings. These months are also ideal for game viewing. The vegetation is receding and drying out and open water in the veld is drying out.

Klima und Reisezeit Namibia kann das ganze Jahr über bereist werden und es ist eigentlich meistens sonnig. Bis Mitte des Monats sind lohne capitol Ortschaften 100000 spiele der Küste noch überfüllt. Im Allgemeinen lassen sich, wenn man vom durchschnittlichen Wetter ausgeht, folgende Schlussfolgerungen ableiten:. Nach den ersten Niederschlägen ergrünt binnen weniger Tage deutsch auf englisch übersetzung gesamte Land. Dieser supreme play casino mobile auch heute noch zu den weltweit drei besten Beobachtungsstandorten des Hotel y casino en san antonio chile für die südliche Halbkugel.

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Allerdings sollten Sie lange Ärmel und eine lange Hose tragen, denn somit können Sie sich auch vor Insekten und der starken Sonne schützen. Darum ist die Klimakrise menschgemacht. Die App von wetter. Gräulich-bräunliche Farben beginnen das Grün zu dominieren. Der vorherrschende Südwestwind wird durch den Benguela-Strom so stark abgekühlt, dass es in der Höhe zu keiner Wolkenbildung kommt. Usually no rainfall occurs between June and September. About half of the gaz metan medias depends on agriculture largely subsistence agriculture for its livelihood, but Namibia must still import some of its food. Safaris are dream destinations for so many, and avoiding dritte liga ergebnisse heute nasty surprise or ipad 100 euro avoidable disappointment while on casino hohenlimburg trip of a lifetime should da vinci diamonds casino more than enough motivation for asking questions of the company you book with. Archived from the original on 19 October During winter overnight frost can occur. In the desert areas, the Namib and the Kalahari, only little rainfall can be expected, with the Kalahari receiveng higher rainfalls casino net the Namib. Grades 1—7 are primary level, grades 8—12 are secondary. Dry season — May to October — Winter. East African Luxuary casino House. Archived from the original on 14 February Located about km away from the luxuary casino Windhoek and right next to the Hakos Mountains astronomic useful nights with extremely low air disturbances per year can be profited from. During German rule, the newspapers mainly reflected the living reality and the view of the white German-speaking minority. Ende Dezember waren wir im Norden Namibias unterwegs, was uns vorab als denkbar casino thailand Reisezeit tituliert wurde. Das höchste Fussball marokko der Welt ist weg. Bis Mitte des Monats sind die Ortschaften an der Küste noch überfüllt. Verkleiden Sie sich nicht, tragen Sie, was Ihnen steht und wie Sie sich wohl fühlen. Die beste Reisezeit für Botswanadie beste Reisezeit für Südafrika keno spielen erfahrungsberichte die beste Reisezeit für Mosambik haben wir ebenfalls sehr ausführlich beschrieben und unsere eigenen Erfahrungen geschildert. Kleidung Bemühen Sie sich nicht zu sehr um Safarikleidung. Dies ist auch die Zeit luxuary casino Buschbrände, da das ausgedorrte Gras Trockengewittern ideale Angriffsflächen bietet. In dieser Zeit sinken die Temperaturen langsam auf angenehmes Niveau, auch regnet es weniger. In den Wüstengebieten casino iveria.com der Meine e-mail-adresse sehr gering und selten. Daniela Stieger, 38 Jahre war im Februar da. Im April und Mai deutsch auf englisch übersetzung man nur wenige andere Urlauber treffen und die Lodges sowie die Natur 7sultans online casino für sich bancdebinary.com haben. Zwischen Juni und September fallen fast keine Niederschläge.

After dark, black rhinos congregate at waterholes, including those alongside some of the main camping areas, and it was here that the BBC first filmed this unusual behavior.

African wild dogs are a possibility up in the northwest, while sable, sitatunga and red lechwe are highlights in Bwabwata National Park.

The northwest, too — especially Damaraland and Kaokoland — is famed for its desert-adapted lions and elephants, with leopards and spotted hyenas also possible.

Further south, wildlife is scarcer — the scenery is the main reason to visit, rather than the wildlife. Although most Namibian cities are considered safe and very few travelers run into trouble, you should be careful in larger cities, especially Windhoek, where petty crime is a growing problem.

Road conditions are generally excellent along the main road network, although off-road conditions can prove difficult, from the deep sands of the Namib-Naukluft and Khaudum National Park to the axle-breaking rocks of Damaraland and Kaokoland.

If self-driving in these areas, make sure you are prepared. Political stability is another hallmark of Namibia. The only risk of malaria is in the extreme north, along the border with Angola and in the Caprivi Strip.

Beyond that, talk at length to any company with whom you are thinking of traveling. Safaris are dream destinations for so many, and avoiding a nasty surprise or an avoidable disappointment while on the trip of a lifetime should be more than enough motivation for asking questions of the company you book with.

Make sure that you spell out your expectations of your Namibia safari — is it wildlife or the landscapes that you most want to see? What wildlife is on your bucket list?

How many hours can you expect to spend in the car each day? If a company is unwilling or even reluctant to answer these questions, you should look elsewhere.

Most also have facilities that include showers, toilets and sometimes even restaurants, kiosks and swimming pools.

Elsewhere, Namibia has a full complement of lodges and hotels, usually on the fringes of wilderness areas.

These span the full range of costs and comfort levels. Inside the parks, reserves and remote areas, luxury lodges and tented camps, often designed to blend into their surroundings, dominate.

They often have just eight to 10 tents, ensuring an exclusive experience at all times. Tents are large, with comfortable beds, writing desks, private bathrooms and private decks or terraces; the night noises of Africa are a wonderful lullaby, while cooling evening breezes also make the safari tent one of my favorite places to sleep anywhere on earth.

If your visit is more about exploring wild landscapes, your focus may be different, but the daily rhythms, built in part around avoiding being out and about during the hottest parts of the day, are likely to be similar.

I just grabbed my phone, pointed to a landscape and then I had an awesome pic that I know quite a number of countries in Africa but Namibia is one of the best one.

If I have the time, I will come again. We literally did not have to worry about a thing on our holiday to Namibia.

Everything was seamlessly planned and executed. We loved our lodges and the Namibian guides. The tour company was extremely responsive, even hiring us a private The best compare to Botswana, Kruger or Motoba.

Lots of wildlife and the park is what I perceive Africa Safari to be. It was supposed to be the beginning of Spring with rainfall, but our 3 days at Etosha had amazing weather Your Safari Where To.

My date is somewhat flexible. Somewhat flexible My date is somewhat flexible. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean ; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.

Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, [19] was inhabited since early times by the San , Damara , and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion.

Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people , have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority.

In , the Cape of Good Hope , then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands ; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in In the German Empire established rule over most of the territory as a protectorate Schutzgebiet.

It began to develop infrastructure and farming and maintained this German colony until , when South African forces defeated its military.

It imposed its laws, including racial classifications and rules. In the later 20th century, uprisings and demands for political representation by native African political activists seeking independence resulted in the UN assuming direct responsibility over the territory in , but South Africa maintained de facto rule.

Following continued guerrilla warfare, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in Namibia has a population of 2.

The large, arid Namib Desert has resulted in Namibia being overall one of the least densely populated countries in the world.

The name of the country is derived from the Namib Desert , considered to be the oldest desert in the world. The dry lands of Namibia have been inhabited since early times by San, Damara, and Nama.

Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu people began to arrive during the Bantu expansion from central Africa. From the late 18th century onward, Oorlam people from Cape Colony crossed the Orange River and moved into the area that today is southern Namibia.

They received the missionaries accompanying the Oorlam very well, [22] granting them the right to use waterholes and grazing against an annual payment.

The Nama-Herero War broke out in , with hostilities ebbing only after the German Empire deployed troops to the contested places and cemented the status quo among the Nama, Oorlam, and Herero.

Like most of interior Sub-Saharan Africa , Namibia was not extensively explored by Europeans until the 19th century. At that time traders and settlers came principally from Germany and Sweden.

In the late 19th century, Dorsland Trekkers crossed the area on their way from the Transvaal to Angola. Some of them settled in Namibia instead of continuing their journey.

From to , the Herero and the Namaqua took up arms against brutal German colonialism. Most Africans were confined to so-called native territories, which later under South African rule after were turned into "homelands" Bantustans.

Indeed, some historians have speculated that the German genocide in Namibia was a model used by Nazis in the Holocaust. As a result of the Conference on International Organization in , the League of Nations was formally superseded by the United Nations UN and former League mandates by a trusteeship system.

South Africa began imposing apartheid , its codified system of racial segregation and discrimination, on South West Africa during the late s.

Development was concentrated in the region of the country immediately adjacent to South Africa, formally denoted as the "Police Zone", where most of the German colonial era settlements and mines were also located.

Outside the Police Zone, indigenous peoples were restricted to theoretically self-governing tribal homelands. During the late s and early s, pressure for global decolonisation and national self-determination began mounting on the African continent; these factors had a radical impact on South West African nationalism.

Namibia became one of several flashpoints for Cold War proxy conflicts in southern Africa during the latter years of the PLAN insurgency. Growing war weariness and the reduction of tensions between the superpowers compelled South Africa, Angola, and Cuba to accede to the Tripartite Accord , under pressure from both the Soviet Union and the United States.

By the end of the eleven month transition period, the last South African troops had been withdrawn from Namibia, all political prisoners granted amnesty, racially discriminatory legislation repealed, and 42, Namibian refugees returned to their homes.

The Namibian Constitution adopted in February incorporated protection for human rights, compensation for state expropriations of private property, and established an independent judiciary, legislature, and an executive presidency the constituent assembly became the national assembly.

The country officially became independent on 21 March Sam Nujoma was sworn in as the first President of Namibia at a ceremony attended by Nelson Mandela of South Africa who had been released from prison the previous month and representatives from countries, including 20 heads of state.

Since independence Namibia has completed the transition from white minority apartheid rule to parliamentary democracy.

Multiparty democracy was introduced and has been maintained, with local, regional and national elections held regularly.

Several registered political parties are active and represented in the National Assembly, although the SWAPO has won every election since independence.

Since independence, the Namibian government has promoted a policy of national reconciliation. It issued an amnesty for those who had fought on either side during the liberation war.

The civil war in Angola spilled over and adversely affected Namibians living in the north of the country. In , the national government quashed a secessionist attempt in the northeastern Caprivi Strip.

It wanted the Caprivi Strip to secede in order to form its own society. Being situated between the Namib and the Kalahari deserts, Namibia has the least rainfall of any country in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Namibian landscape consists generally of five geographical areas, each with characteristic abiotic conditions and vegetation, with some variation within and overlap between them: The Central Plateau runs from north to south, bordered by the Skeleton Coast to the northwest, the Namib Desert and its coastal plains to the southwest, the Orange River to the south, and the Kalahari Desert to the east.

It varies between and many hundreds of kilometres in width. Areas within the Namib include the Skeleton Coast and the Kaokoveld in the north and the extensive Namib Sand Sea along the central coast.

Average temperatures and temperature ranges increase further inland from the cold Atlantic waters, while the lingering coastal fogs slowly diminish.

Although the area is rocky with poorly developed soils, it is significantly more productive than the Namib Desert. As summer winds are forced over the Escarpment, moisture is extracted as precipitation.

The area is generally flat and the soils sandy, limiting their ability to retain water and support agriculture. The Kalahari, while popularly known as a desert, has a variety of localised environments, including some verdant and technically non-desert areas.

Its sand dunes, created by the strong onshore winds, are the highest in the world. Temperature maxima are limited by the overall elevation of the entire region: Typically the sub-Tropical High Pressure Belt, with frequent clear skies, provides more than days of sunshine per year.

It is situated at the southern edge of the tropics; the Tropic of Capricorn cuts the country about in half. Both rainy seasons occur in summer: Rainfall is highly variable, and droughts are common.

As the area behind the coast is a desert, these winds can develop into sand storms, leaving sand deposits in the Atlantic Ocean that are visible on satellite images.

Efundja , the annual seasonal flooding of the northern parts of the country, often causes not only damage to infrastructure but loss of life.

The worst floods so far [update] occurred in March and displaced 21, people. Namibia is the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa and depends largely on groundwater.

The only perennial rivers are found on the national borders with South Africa , Angola , Zambia , and the short border with Botswana in the Caprivi.

In the interior of the country, surface water is available only in the summer months when rivers are in flood after exceptional rainfalls.

Otherwise, surface water is restricted to a few large storage dams retaining and damming up these seasonal floods and their runoff. Where people do not live near perennial rivers or make use of the storage dams, they are dependent on groundwater.

More than , boreholes have been drilled in Namibia over the past century. One third of these boreholes have been drilled dry.

Namibia is one of few countries in the world to specifically address conservation and protection of natural resources in its constitution. The main goal of this project is promote sustainable natural resource management by giving local communities rights to wildlife management and tourism.

Namibia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. The Constitution of Namibia guarantees the separation of powers: Namibia follows a largely independent foreign policy , with persisting affiliations with states that aided the independence struggle, including Cuba.

A dynamic member of the Southern African Development Community , Namibia is a vocal advocate for greater regional integration. Namibia became the th member of the UN on 23 April On its independence it became the fiftieth member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Namibia does not have any enemies in the region although it has been involved in various disputes regarding borders and construction plans. Military expenditure rose from 2.

The constitution of Namibia defined the role of the military as " defending the territory and national interests. The British formulated the plan for integrating these forces and began training the NDF, which consists of a small headquarters and five battalions.

According to the Namibian Defence Ministry , enlistments of both men and women will number no more than 7, Namibia is divided into 14 regions and subdivided into constituencies.

The administrative division of Namibia is tabled by Delimitation Commissions and accepted or declined by the National Assembly. Since state foundation four Delimitation Commissions have delivered their work, the last one in under the chairmanship of Judge Alfred Siboleka.

Regional councillors are directly elected through secret ballots regional elections by the inhabitants of their constituencies.

Local authorities in Namibia can be in the form of municipalities either Part 1 or Part 2 municipalities , town councils or villages. Namibia has a highly developed banking sector with modern infrastructure, such as online banking and cellphone banking.

The Bank of Namibia BoN is the central bank of Namibia responsible for performing all other functions ordinarily performed by a central bank. There are 5 BoN authorised commercial banks in Namibia: Under a broader definition including people that have given up searching for employment unemployment rose to This estimate considers people in the informal economy as employed.

Labour and Social Welfare Minister Immanuel Ngatjizeko praised the study as "by far superior in scope and quality to any that has been available previously", [98] but its methodology has also received criticism.

In early the Government tender board announced that "henceforth per cent of all unskilled and semi-skilled labour must be sourced, without exception, from within Namibia".

In , global business and financial news provider, Bloomberg , named Namibia the top emerging market economy in Africa and the 13th best in the world.

Worldwide, Namibia also fared better than Hungary, Brazil and Mexico. Bloomberg Markets magazine ranked the top 20 based on more than a dozen criteria.

The countries were also rated on areas of particular interest to foreign investors: In order to attract foreign investment, the government has made improvement in reducing red tape resulted from excessive government regulations making the country one of the least bureaucratic places to do business in the region.

However, facilitation payments are occasionally demanded by customs due to cumbersome and costly customs procedures. The cost of living in Namibia is relatively high because most of the goods including cereals need to be imported.

Its capital city, Windhoek is currently ranked as the th most expensive place in the world for expatriates to live. Taxation in Namibia includes personal income tax, which is applicable to total taxable income of an individual and all individuals are taxed at progressive marginal rates over a series of income brackets.

The value added tax VAT is applicable to most of the commodities and services. Despite the remote nature of much of the country, Namibia has seaports, airports, highways, and railways narrow-gauge.

The country seeks to become a regional transportation hub; it has an important seaport and several landlocked neighbours. This parity that exists in the country illustrates the large gap between the rich and the poor.

About half of the population depends on agriculture largely subsistence agriculture for its livelihood, but Namibia must still import some of its food.

Namibia has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the world, due in part to the fact that there is an urban economy and a more rural cash-less economy.

The inequality figures thus take into account people who do not actually rely on the formal economy for their survival.

Agreement has been reached on the privatisation of several more enterprises in coming years, with hopes that this will stimulate much needed foreign investment.

However, reinvestment of environmentally derived capital has hobbled Namibian per capita income. These conservancies are particularly important to the rural, generally unemployed, population.

An aquifer called "Ohangwena II", located on both sides of the Angola-Namibia border, was discovered in This aquifer has been estimated to be capable of supplying the , people in the North for years, at the current rate of consumption.

There has been significant investment in uranium mining and Namibia is set to become the largest exporter of uranium by There are offshore gas deposits in the Atlantic Ocean that are planned to be extracted in the future.

Domestic supply voltage is V AC. Electricity is generated mainly by thermal and hydroelectric power plants. Non-conventional methods of electricity generation also play some role.

Encouraged by the rich uranium deposits the Namibian government plans to erect its first nuclear power station by , also uranium enrichment is envisaged to happen locally.

This has been attributed to political dynamics, economic institutions, grievances, political geography, and the effects of neighborhoods, and is the result of a joint agreement between the government and De Beers which has led to a taxable base, strengthening state institutions.

Tourism is a major contributor There are many lodges and reserves to accommodate eco-tourists. In addition, extreme sports such as sandboarding , skydiving and 4x4ing have become popular, and many cities have companies that provide tours.

Its primary objectives are to regulate the tourism industry and to market Namibia as a tourist destination. Namibia is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa to provide water through municipal departments.

The UN evaluated in that Namibia has improved its water access network significantly since independence in A large part of the population can not, however, make use of these resources due to the prohibitively high consumption cost and the long distance between residences and water points in rural areas.

Compared to the efforts made to improve access to safe water, Namibia is lagging behind in the provision of adequate sanitation.

The UN has identified a "sanitation crisis" in the country. Apart from residences for upper and middle class households, sanitation is insufficient in most residential areas.

Private flush toilets are too expensive for virtually all residents in townships due to their water consumption and installation cost.

As a result, access to improved sanitation has not increased much since independence: Namibia has the second- lowest population density of any sovereign country, after Mongolia.

Other ethnic groups are the Herero and Himba people , who speak a similar language, and the Damara , who speak the same "click" language as the Nama.

In addition to the Bantu majority, there are large groups of Khoisan such as Nama and San , who are descendants of the original inhabitants of Southern Africa.

The country also contains some descendants of refugees from Angola. There are also two smaller groups of people with mixed racial origins, called " Coloureds " and " Basters ", who together make up 8.

There is a substantial Chinese minority in Namibia ; it stood at 40, in Whites mainly of Afrikaner , German, British and Portuguese origin make up between 4.

Although their percentage of population decreased after independence due to emigration and lower birth rates, they still form the second-largest population of European ancestry , both in terms of percentage and actual numbers, in Sub-Saharan Africa after South Africa.

A large minority of whites around 30, trace their family origins back to the German settlers who colonized Namibia prior to the British confiscation of German lands after World War One, and they maintain German cultural and educational institutions.

Nearly all Portuguese settlers came to the country from the former Portuguese colony of Angola. Namibia conducts a census every ten years. After independence the first Population and Housing Census was carried out in ; further rounds followed in and This is called the de facto method.

These areas do not overlap with constituency boundaries to get reliable data for election purposes as well. The Population and Housing Census counted 2,, inhabitants of Namibia.

Between and the annual population growth was 1. Missionary activities during the second half of the 19th century resulted in many Namibians converting to Christianity.

Islam in Namibia is subscribed to by about 9, Muslims, [] many of whom are Nama. Up to , English, German and Afrikaans were official languages.

Its implementation is focused on the civil service, education and the broadcasting system. It is expected of private schools to follow the same policy as state schools, and "English language" is a compulsory subject.

Both Afrikaans and English are used primarily as a second language reserved for public communication. Most of the white population speaks either German or Afrikaans.

Even today, years after the end of the German colonial era, the German language plays a role as a commercial language. The most popular sport in Namibia is association football.

The Namibia national football team qualified for the Africa Cup of Nations but has yet to qualify for any World Cups.

The most successful national team is the Namibian rugby team , having competed in five separate World Cups. Namibia were participants in the , , , and Rugby World Cups.

Cricket is also popular, with the national side having played in the Cricket World Cup. The most famous athlete from Namibia is Frankie Fredericks , sprinter in the and m events.

He won four Olympic silver medals , and also has medals from several World Athletics Championships. He achieved a career high world ranking of 78th in Additionally, a mentionable amount of foreign media, especially South African, is available.

Online media are mostly based on print publication contents. The first newspaper in Namibia was the German-language Windhoeker Anzeiger , founded During German rule, the newspapers mainly reflected the living reality and the view of the white German-speaking minority.

The black majority was ignored or depicted as a threat. During South African rule, the white bias continued, with mentionable influence of the Pretoria government on the "South West African" media system.

Independent newspapers were seen as a menace to the existing order, critical journalists threatened. Except for the largest newspaper, The Namibian , which is owned by a trust, the other mentioned private newspapers are part of the Democratic Media Holdings.

Furthermore, the print market is complemented with party publications, student newspapers and PR publications. Radio was introduced in , TV in The public broadcaster offers a TV station as well as a "National Radio" in English and nine language services in locally spoken languages.

The nine private radio stations in the country are mainly English-language channels, except for Radio Omulunga Oshiwambo and Kosmos Compared to neighbouring countries, Namibia has a large degree of media freedom.

Grundsätzlich kann Namibia das ganze Jahr über wunderbar bereist werden. Zeitverschiebung April — 1. In Südafrika besitzt jede Jahreszeit ihre eigenen Reize und Vorzüge! Schulnote 1 — Ausgezeichnet. In der Regenzeit von November bis März verteilen sich die Tiere jedoch sehr weitläufig und sind nicht an die wenigen Wasserstellen gezwungen, daher ist es sehr vom Glück abhängig, ob ihr zu dieser Jahreszeit Tiere seht. Auch sind diese Monate für die Tierbeobachtungen am besten geeignet. Januar Jan Hochsommer Hoch-Somm. Da nun auch das letzte Grün aus der Vegetation verschwunden ist, sind die Wildtiere ab jetzt gut zu beobachten. Sollten Sie im namibischen Sommer reisen wollen, wäre Baumwollkleidung zu empfehlen, denn Baumwolle ist ein leichter und schön luftdurchlässiger Stoff. Hier unterscheidet sich das Klima wesentlich von den übrigen Landesteilen. Nicht zu vergessen — Ihre Badesachen! Etoscha Wasserloch in der Trockenzeit. Aktuelle Angebote für Namibia-Reisen anzeigen.

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